The purpose of this program is to reduce the possibility of health hazards created by malfunctioning or improperly constructed and maintained private sewage disposal systems.
The program regulates all private sewage disposal systems which have no surface discharge, and those which treat a flow of 1,500 gallons per day or less with a surface discharge.
Plans for the installation of private sewage disposal systems must be reviewed and approved prior to construction. The health department enforces the Illinois Private Sewage Disposal Code under authority of the Private Disposal Licensing Act.
If you have any questions regarding private on-site sewage treatment systems or receiving a permit, please contact our office at 618-643-3522, or call Jeff Jake, Environmental Health Inspector, at 618-599-9748.
private and semi-private water supplies
The major health consideration in well construction is to prevent well contamination from the surface of the ground or through seepage from sewage disposal systems or from other hazardous sources. The Environmental Health Department staff conducts plan reviews and issues permits for new well construction, inspects and samples existing and new water wells, and monitors the prevalence of abandoned wells with the requirements for their sealing.
The department administers the private water program under the authority of the Illinois Water Well Code and the Illinois Water Well Pump Installation Code. If you or a family member has been ill from a suspected waterborne illness, or have a doctor’s request, the Hamilton County Health Department will sample your water supply and do a well inspection.
For anyone concerned about bacteria in their water, contact the Illinois Department of Public Health in Springfield at 217-782-6562, or click on IDPH – Water Wells Link for more information.
For water quality issues, including high iron, hardness, etc., you should call the Illinois State Water Survey at 217-333-9043. For lab questions, call 217-333-9234.
Jeff Jake, EMT
Public Health Emergency Response Coordinator/ Environmental Health Inspector